Work on the 'The Holy Bible in Modern English' began in 1853 by a London businessman named Ferrar Fenton (1832–1920). The complete Bible was first published in 1903, though some individual bible 'books' were published as separate volumes during the preceding 11 years.
Fenton is well known for a rearranging of the books of the Bible into what the author believed was the correct chronological order. In the Old Testament, this order follows that of the Hebrew Bible. The name of God was translated throughout the Old Testament as "The Ever-Living".
Fenton is an exciting translation that shows respect and gives clarity in many areas where other translations fall short. This Bible is described as being "translated into English direct from the original Hebrew, Chaldee, and Greek languages."
Henrik Borgström assisted Fenton with his translation of the Book of Job, which first appeared in 1898. The book of Job was "rendered into the same metre as the original Hebrew, word by word and line by line". His translation of the New Testament is based on the Greek text of Westcott and Hort. The ordering novelty in the New Testament is that it places the Gospel of John and the First Epistle of John at the beginning before the Gospel of Matthew, thus placing the Acts of the Apostles immediately after the Gospel of Luke.
Notable as well, is Ferrar Fenton's restoration of the Psalms into the musical verse form as close to the original as he could get. The Psalms were, quite literally, songs, complete with instructions for the "choirmaster" as well as descriptions of the proper musical instruments to be used. Today Psalm 48, Psalm 137, and Psalm 23 are still sung in churches, albeit to tunes not the original.
This bible is named the "Revised Fenton" because it puts things back into chronological order. In many cases, whether in error or not, Ferrar moved some parts of the scriptures down to the footnote section. These re-ordered verses have been returned to their chronological order as they are currently found in the King James Version. There was no alteration of the wording or intended meaning of what was originally intended by Mr. Fenton."
Welcome to the new blog section. Join us in this exciting effort to display the works of Ferrar Fenton! The Holy Bible in Modern English is now fully digitized and can be seen for it's creative and artistic beauty as well as for the spiritual edification that we all need through the daily study of the scriptures.
This project actually began in 2012 when the conversion of scanned images, using OCR software, revived a very beautiful but tangled digital version of Ferrar Fenton's work. The major part of the editing, including verse alignment, OCR errors and chapter breaks took over one year. Still, as we go there are minor fixes to punctuation and a few odd necessary edits.
In its very raw form, 'The Holy Bible in Modern English' went online with a free but very undependable web hosting service in 2014, where it has been ever since.
With thanks to the generosity of others, just recently, the site has been moved to its current home. This hosting service is by far superior to the previous but costs are high so we are maintaining an ad service to help offset the costs.
|RF LEV 11:1||
Clean and Unclean Foods.
|RF LEV 11:2||"Speak to the children of Israel to command;—"These are what you may eat of all the animals that are upon the earth:—|
|RF LEV 11:3|| The Laws of Animal Food.
"All that have hoofs, and divide the hoofs, and chew the cud;—you may eat those beasts:—
|RF LEV 11:4||"But you shall not eat those that chew the cud, and do not divide the hoof;—"The camel; for it chews the cud, but has not divided the hoof. It is unclean to you;—|
|RF LEV 11:5||"And the jerboa, for it chews the cud, but has not a divided hoof;—it is unclean to you;|
|RF LEV 11:6||"And the Leaper,1 for it chews the cud, but has not a divided hoof; it is unclean to you;|
|RF LEV 11:7||"And the swine; although it has hoofs, and divides the hoof, but it does not chew the cud; it is unclean to you;—|
|RF LEV 11:8||"You shall not eat of their flesh, nor touch their carcasses; they are unclean to you;|
|RF LEV 11:9|| Clean Fish.
"You may eat of all these that are in the waters;—"All that have fins and scales, in the waters, and the seas, and the rivers; you may eat them.
|RF LEV 11:10||"But all that have not fins and scales on them in the waters, and rivers, of all the swarms of the waters, and of every form of life that is in the waters,|
|RF LEV 11:11||they must be loathsome to you; and their flesh shall be loathsome to you. You shall not eat of their carcasses; you shall loathe them.|
|RF LEV 11:12||All in the waters that have not fins and scales, shall be loathsome to you.|
|RF LEV 11:13|| Unclean and Clean Birds.
"And these shall be loathsome to you among birds. You shall not eat them; they are loathsome. The eagle, and the osprey, and the fishhawk;
|RF LEV 11:14|| the kite, and the vulture.
1 In Hebrew "Arnabeth" means a Leaper usually rendered "hare," but more probably the Kangaroo.—F. F
|RF LEV 11:15||and all the raven species; and the ostrich,|
|RF LEV 11:16||and the goatsucker, and seagull and the buzzard species; and the pelican, and the gannet, and|
|RF LEV 11:17||the owl; and the crested owl, and the turkey buzzard,|
|RF LEV 11:18||and the carrion-eagle; and the stork, and snorter species;|
|RF LEV 11:19||and hoopoo, and the bat;|
|RF LEV 11:20||and every winged reptile that crawls shall be loathsome to you. "However you may eat of these;|
|RF LEV 11:21||of all the swarms of wing that crawl, that have knees above their feet to leap upon the earth, you may eat|
|RF LEV 11:22||these from among them; the locust kind, and the cockchafer kind; and the grasshopper kind;|
|RF LEV 11:23||but all the winged-breed that crawls on its feet shall be loathsome to you, and they defile.|
|RF LEV 11:24||All who touch their dead bodies are unclean until the evening.|
|RF LEV 11:25||And anyone who carries their carcasses shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening."|
|RF LEV 11:26||Besides every beast that has hoofs, but does not divide its hoofs, and does not chew the cud; they are unclean to you. All who touch them are unclean."|
|RF LEV 11:27||And everything that walks upon its paws; every insect that goes on all fours;—they are unclean to you: everyone who touches their dead bodies is unclean,|
|RF LEV 11:28||and whoever carries their dead bodies shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening. They are unclean to you.|
|RF LEV 11:29|| Unclean Vermin.
"These also are unclean to you of the species breeding upon the earth; the mole, and the mouse, and the lizard species;
|RF LEV 11:30||the groaner, and the panther, and the shrew, and the iguanodon, and the chameleon.|
|RF LEV 11:31||These are unclean to you in all their breeds; all touching them when dead shall be unclean until the evening;|
|RF LEV 11:32||and all who eat of them when dead are unclean; and all upon which any of them may fall, and any vessel of wood, or clothing, or skin, or a sack,—any article that is made use of,—shall be put into water, and be unclean until the evening;—then pure.|
|RF LEV 11:33||And any vessel of earthenware that they fall into, all that they fall into, is unclean, and it shall be broken;|
|RF LEV 11:34||and all food that they have gnawed, or their water falls upon, is unclean; and any cup from which they drink, of all vessels, is unclean.|
|RF LEV 11:35||And anything upon which their dead bodies may fall is unclean;—pan, or tub—it shall be broken.|
|RF LEV 11:36||They are unclean and shall be unclean to you. Except a spring, or well, or reservoir of water;—they shall be pure:—but all touching their dead bodies are unclean.|
|RF LEV 11:37||But if their dead bodies fall upon any grain to be used for seed|
|RF LEV 11:38||that is to be sown, it is pure. Also if you have put water upon the seed, after their dead bodies fall upon it, it is clean to you.|
|RF LEV 11:39|| Cattle Dying of Disease Unclean.
"And when any of the cattle, that you possess for food dies, whoever touches its carcase is unclean until evening;
|RF LEV 11:40||and whoever eats from its carcase, shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening; and whoever carries the carcase shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening.|
|RF LEV 11:41|| All Reptiles are Unclean.
"All vermin, also, of the vermin on the earth shall be loathsome; it shall not be eaten.
|RF LEV 11:42||"Everything going upon its belly; and everything going by crawling upon many feet, of all the vermin of the vermin of the earth, you shall not eat, for they are loathsome.|
|RF LEV 11:43||You shall not make yourselves loathsome with the bodies of any of the spawn of the vermin, and you shall not defile yourselves with them, nor be defiled by them;|
|RF LEV 11:44||for I am your EVER-LIVING GOD, Who sanctifies you, and you shall be healthy, for I am HOLY, and you shall not defile yourselves or your lives by any of the vermin that crawls upon the earth;|
|RF LEV 11:45||for the EVER-LIVING brought you up from the land of Mitzer to be a GOD to you' so you Must be healthy;—for 'I am HOLY.|
|RF LEV 11:46||"These are the laws about cattle, and birds, and every animal life that crawls in the waters, and every animal life that spawns upon the land;|
|RF LEV 11:47||with the difference between the unclean and the pure, and between the animals for food, and the animals that are not for food."|