Work on the 'The Holy Bible in Modern English' began in 1853 by a London businessman named Ferrar Fenton (1832–1920). The complete Bible was first published in 1903, though some individual bible 'books' were published as separate volumes during the preceding 11 years.
Fenton is well known for a rearranging of the books of the Bible into what the author believed was the correct chronological order. In the Old Testament, this order follows that of the Hebrew Bible. The name of God was translated throughout the Old Testament as "The Ever-Living".
Fenton is an exciting translation that shows respect and gives clarity in many areas where other translations fall short. This Bible is described as being "translated into English direct from the original Hebrew, Chaldee, and Greek languages."
Henrik Borgström assisted Fenton with his translation of the Book of Job, which first appeared in 1898. The book of Job was "rendered into the same metre as the original Hebrew, word by word and line by line". His translation of the New Testament is based on the Greek text of Westcott and Hort. The ordering novelty in the New Testament is that it places the Gospel of John and the First Epistle of John at the beginning before the Gospel of Matthew, thus placing the Acts of the Apostles immediately after the Gospel of Luke.
Notable as well, is Ferrar Fenton's restoration of the Psalms into the musical verse form as close to the original as he could get. The Psalms were, quite literally, songs, complete with instructions for the "choirmaster" as well as descriptions of the proper musical instruments to be used. Today Psalm 48, Psalm 137, and Psalm 23 are still sung in churches, albeit to tunes not the original.
This bible is named the "Revised Fenton" because it puts things back into chronological order. In many cases, whether in error or not, Ferrar moved some parts of the scriptures down to the footnote section. These re-ordered verses have been returned to their chronological order as they are currently found in the King James Version. There was no alteration of the wording or intended meaning of what was originally intended by Mr. Fenton."
Welcome to the new blog section. Join us in this exciting effort to display the works of Ferrar Fenton! The Holy Bible in Modern English is now fully digitized and can be seen for it's creative and artistic beauty as well as for the spiritual edification that we all need through the daily study of the scriptures.
This project actually began in 2012 when the conversion of scanned images, using OCR software, revived a very beautiful but tangled digital version of Ferrar Fenton's work. The major part of the editing, including verse alignment, OCR errors and chapter breaks took over one year. Still, as we go there are minor fixes to punctuation and a few odd necessary edits.
In its very raw form, 'The Holy Bible in Modern English' went online with a free but very undependable web hosting service in 2014, where it has been ever since.
With thanks to the generosity of others, just recently, the site has been moved to its current home. This hosting service is by far superior to the previous but costs are high so we are maintaining an ad service to help offset the costs.
|RF JOS 10:1|| (B.C. 1451.) Adon-i-Zedik, King of Jerusalem, forms an Alliance to resist Israel.
But when Adon-i-Zedik, king of Jerusalem, heard that Joshua had captured Ai, and had burnt it, and as he had done to Jericho and her king, so he had done to Ai and her king, and that the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with the children of Israel as they were approaching them,
|RF JOS 10:2||he feared much, for Gibeon was a great city, like one of the Capital Cities, because it was larger than Ai, and all its leaders were brave.|
|RF JOS 10:3||Adon-i-Zedik, the king of Jerusalem, consequently sent to Hoham, king of Hebron, and to Piram, king of Yarmath, and to Yaphia, king of Lakish, and to Debir, king of Aglan, saying;|
|RF JOS 10:4||"Come to me and help me, and we will attack Gibeon, for it has made peace with Joshua and the children of Israel."|
|RF JOS 10:5||They assembled in consequence. And the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Yarmath, the king of Lakish, the king of Aglan, they, and all their forces, encamped against Gibeon, and made war upon it.|
|RF JOS 10:6||But the men of Gibeon sent to Joshua at the camp in Gilgal, saying; "Drop not your hands from your servants. Come immediately to us, to save us, and help us, for all the kings of the Amorites in the hills have collected against us."|
|RF JOS 10:7|| Joshua advances to attack Adon-i-Zedik.
So Joshua ascended from Gilgal, he and all the army with him, and all the generals of the forces.
|RF JOS 10:8||The EVER-LIVING also said to Joshua, "Fear not for them, for I have given them into your hand. Not a man shall stand before you!|
|RF JOS 10:9||"So Joshua came upon them suddenly, marching all night from Gilgal,|
|RF JOS 10:10||And the EVER-LIVING defeated them before Israel, and routed them with a great rout from Gibeon, and pursued them towards the ascent of Beth-Horan, and defeated them at Azraka, and at Makdah.|
|RF JOS 10:11||And as they fled before Israel in the plain of Beth-horon, the EVER-LIVING sent great stones upon them from the skies at Azrakah, and more were killed by the stones that hailed down, than the children of Israel slew with the sword.|
|RF JOS 10:12||Joshua also called to the EVER-LIVING on that day; "JEHOVAH! Give the Amorites to the face of the children of Israel!" And he added, "Sun! In the eyes of Israel be still at Gibeon, and Moon! In the valley of Ailan!|
|RF JOS 10:13||"And the sun and moon stood still, Till the nation had mastered its foes! Is not this recorded in the true Records?1 That the sun stood still in the mid sky, and hastened not to set for about a full day?|
|RF JOS 10:14|| And there has not been such an event before it, or since it, for the EVER-LIVING to listen to the voice of a man. But the EVER-LIVING fought for Israel.
1. V. 13. Or "Book of the Just"; or it would also read, "In the accurate records"—that is, the National Archives. The last clause of verse 13, and all of verses 14 and 15, are an editorial note, of Isaiah or Ezra, his subsequent editor, upon the fact recorded in the National Archives, and quoted just above.—F.F.
|RF JOS 10:15||Joshua and the forces of Israel afterwards returned to the camp at Gilgal.|
|RF JOS 10:16|| The Five Kings Retreat to a Cave.
But those five kings retreated and hid themselves in a cave in Makedah,
|RF JOS 10:17||and it was reported to Joshua "The five kings have been found concealed in a cave in Makedah."|
|RF JOS 10:18||So Joshua said "Roll great stones to the mouth of the cave and place a guard of men over it to watch it;|
|RF JOS 10:19||but you others stop not following your enemies, and cut off their rear. "Do not attack their towns, for the EVER-LIVING GOD will give them to your hand."|
|RF JOS 10:20||So when Joshua and the sons of Israel had completed the conquest of them by absolute defeat, and the raiders had raided them; then they attacked the fortified cities.|
|RF JOS 10:21||And afterwards all the force returned to Joshua at the camp of Makedah in peace, and no man sharpened his tongue against the children of Israel.|
|RF JOS 10:22||After that Joshua commanded to open the mouth of the cave,|
|RF JOS 10:23||and they did so, and to bring out those five kings from the cave to him. They did so, and brought the five kings to him-the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Yarmath, the king of Lakish, the king of Aglan.|
|RF JOS 10:24||And when the kings were brought out to Joshua, Joshua summoned all the leaders of Israel, and ordered the commanding Officers of the army to approach and put their feet upon their necks.|
|RF JOS 10:25||Joshua also addressed them saying; "Fear not and let not your courage fail, for the EVER-LIVING will do thus to all your enemies, when you fight with them."|
|RF JOS 10:26||And after that Joshua degraded them and hung them on five trees, and they hung upon the trees until the dusk,|
|RF JOS 10:27|| but when the time of sunset came, Joshua commanded and they were lowered from the trees, and laid in the cave where they had concealed themselves, and they piled great stones at the mouth of the cave. (They remain to this day.)1
1. V. 27. The words in brackets are an ancient editor's note. The reader must not suppose that all the events recorded here happened in twelve hours or so, as the impress left by the old translators leaves on the mind. They would occupy several months, or years, as the country traversed and towns captured cover several hundreds of miles.—F.F.
|RF JOS 10:28|| (B.C. 1451.) Joshua Captures Makedah.
At the same period Joshua captured Makedah, and he devoted its territory, and all its population he spared not from ruin, but did to the king of Makedah as he had done to the king of Jericho.
|RF JOS 10:29|| (B.C. 1451.) Joshua Besieges and Captures Libnah.
Joshua afterwards advanced with the forces of Israel from Makedah to Libnah and besieged Libnah,
|RF JOS 10:30||and the EVER-LIVING also gave that into the hand of Israel with its territory. And he struck with the edge of the sword all the persons in it. He did not reserve it from plunder, and did to its king as he had done to the king of Jericho.|
|RF JOS 10:31|| (B.C. 1451.) Lakish Besieged and Captured.
Joshua next advanced, and the forces of Israel with him, from Libnah to Lakish, and encamped against, and besieged it;
|RF JOS 10:32||and the EVER-LIVING gave Lakish into the power of Israel, and they captured it on the second day, and gave no quarter to the people in it, exactly as to Libnah.|
|RF JOS 10:33|| Horam Advancing to Help Lakish is Defeated.
At this period Horam the king of Ghezar advanced to help Lakish, but Joshua defeated him and the people with him until nothing but a wreck was left.
|RF JOS 10:34|| (B.C. 1450.) Aglan Besieged and Captured.
Joshua, and the army of Israel with him, next advanced from Lakish to Aglan, and encamped against, and assaulted, and captured it at once, and gave no quarter to all the men in it. At the same time he devoted them as he had done to Lakish.
|RF JOS 10:35|| (B.C. 1450.) Hebron Besieged and Taken.
Afterwards Joshua, and the forces of Israel with him,
|RF JOS 10:36||marched from Aglan to Hebron, and besieged, and captured it,|
|RF JOS 10:37||and gave no quarter to all the garrison in it, he did not reserve it from ruin, exactly as he had done to Aglan, but devoted it, and all the garrison in it.|
|RF JOS 10:38|| (B.C. 1449.) Dibrah Besieged and Taken.
Next Joshua and all the Israelite forces with him turned towards Dibrah,
|RF JOS 10:39||and besieged it, and captured it, and its territory, and all its towns, and gave no quarter, but devoted all the garrison who held it. They did not refrain from plunder. They did to Dibrah as they did to Hebron and her king, and as they had done to Libnah and its king.|
|RF JOS 10:40|| (B.C. 1448.) The Highlands Conquered.
Joshua afterwards subjected all the country of the hills, and the desert, and the plains, and the farming country, and all their kings. He did not refrain from plunder, but he devoted all the animals, as the EVER-LIVING GOD of Israel ordered.
|RF JOS 10:41|| (B.C. 1447.) Joshua in a Campaign Conquers Kadish-Barna and Goshenland.
Joshua afterwards subdued from Kadish-Barna to Gazah, and all the land of Goshen, as far as Gibeon,
|RF JOS 10:42||and all its districts, and the country around them, in one campaign, because the EVER-LIVING GOD of Israel fought for Israel.|
|RF JOS 10:43||Joshua afterwards returned with all the Israelite force to the camp at Gilgal.|